Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

2 Faculty of Pharmacy &amp, Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan

Abstract

Background: Early identification of cognitive weakening in previously undetected cases could help deal by starting programs for rehabilitation. Aim: The aim of this survey was to evaluate the prevalence and degree of cognitive impairment among adults of rural area in Nineveh, Iraq. Method: A cross-sectional study with convenient sampling technique was conducted to enroll subjects from a rural area in Nineveh. Cognitive function was examined in all the patients by the Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) is a screening tool for the cognitive state. A total of 213 agreed to participate in the survey with a mean age of 52.1 ± 11.8 years and higher percentage of participants were with primary level of education 125 (58.7%). Results: The mean score for the cognitive function examination was 18.85 ± 4.55 with significant differences were found between cognitive function and educational level, employment, and monthly income. Cognitive score was negatively correlated with age of participants (r= - 0.128, p value = 0.031). Although it was not significantly associated with level of education but around 43% of the study population suffered from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. Conclusion: The study concludes that there have been strong calls for program from the Ministry of Health to improve dementia care and support for societies with dementia and their occupations that will stay a life of that means and dignity. Efforts to make societies greater cognitively functioned, as well as, actively attractive patients will improve cost, the sustainable, treatment and care methods for diseases and quality of life.

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